Premium Membership is now 50% off! It was only the slow, relentless pressure applied on land and in the air throughout Italy that forced the Germans to give way. https://www.britannica.com/event/Battle-of-Anzio, The History Learning Site - The Anzio Landings. The Battle of Anzio commenced on January 22, 1944 and concluded with the fall of Rome on June 5. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. At the end of the bate the Allies lost around 7,000 soldiers and an additional 36,000 were wounded or missing. Battle of Anzio, (22 January–5 June 1944), World War II event on the coast of Italy, south of Rome. The path to victory for the Germans lay along a road to Rome called the Via Anziate; men of the 45th Infantry Division––including Sparks's E Company––occupied crucial positions along that road during what became the crisis point of the battle at Anzio. They sent a mobile reaction unit in first and then an additional 6 divisions. Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? Let us know. While most people believe that Lucas should have tried to gain more ground and attack further inland his caution wasn’t without merit, he did far a superior force. By February the German forces outnumbered the Allies and attacked their lines with the first goal of driving them out of Via Anziate. Both sides reinforced their positions, which further encouraged a tactical stalemate, conditions reminiscent of World War I. Lucas was made a scapegoat and replaced by Major General Lucien Truscott, but he too could do little to break the deadlock. Corrections? Last accessed April 10th, 2013. When they first landed the Allies didn’t find much resistance and this allow them to secure a big beachhead (about 3 miles deep) but instead of moving quickly to attack the Germans, Lucas waited wanting to first secure the perimeter to the annoyance of Alexander and Churchill. After a few days of heavy fighting they pushed the British out of the ground they had gained and by February 16th  the Germans attacked again and pushed the Allied forces all the way back to their beachhead. In May a new offensive way prepared and it’s first move was to trap the German Tenth Army and the second would be to advance through Albano to Rome. On January 24 Lucas had a force of 40,000 men and the battle of Anzio would soon begin. Adrian Gilbert is a writer, editor and consultant with a special interest in 20th-century warfare. Truman Olson had given his life during the bloody and difficult Battle of Anzio just one year earlier. This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica. Intelligence Bulletin (U.S. Military Intelligence Service) 2 (11). “A German defence Area on the Anzio Front”, “Anzio — The Allies’ Greatest Blunder of World War II”, Anzio Beach head – contemporary film footage, Negative Effects on the U.S. Economy Caused by World War 2, The P-51 Mustang in Europe, The need for and effects of the P-51 Mustang in the skies over Europe, The Deuce and a Half, The Backbone of Allied Armies. When they arrived at the front lines of Rome the Allies exploited a weakness in the German defenses and soon marched into the city and this was the end of the battle of Anzio. https://www.history.navy.mil/.../world-war-ii/1944/anzio.html The battle would be the fighting that resulted after the Allies conducted an amphibious landing in the area of Anzio known as Operation Shingle. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. 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