Most importantly it is cost effective and doesn’t requires higher production cost but a minimal given it also increases the net profit. "Fish Farming Pros and Cons." However, the other three forms of farming (Indoor, Irrigation, and Integrated) are associated with more positive environmental breakthroughs. We conclude that fish farming in Canada is sustainable. A bright future for fish farming. 2 Feb. 2015. http://www.aquaculture.ca/files/economic-benefits.php, “Economic Impacts.” Farmed And Dangerous, No date. 2 Feb. 2015. http://www.marineharvest.ca/people/part-of-the-community/, "Report to Launch the Aquaculture Sustainability Reporting Initiative. Thanks for the question James. Small communities are realizing that aquaculture can benefit their economy in times of decline of other natural resources. Two factors namely the fall in oxygen level and the water waste created by the aquatic animals were matter of concern. This is still manageable in rivers and sea but a stagnant water body had to face huge problems. Biofloc technology . 6g C per kg fish per day needed for biofloc production 16% of protein is N ( Craig and Helfrich, 2002 ) On average 75% of the feed-N en ds up in the water (ammonific ation Aquaculture in Canada is closely monitored to ensure that the strict environmental policies, regulation and guidelines are being followed. What are the outcomes?? If so what would be strategies to make it the most profitable, such as transportation costs and which kind of fish to produce. The salmon's diet consists of dense, dry pellets that are made from small bony fish. It helps in reduction of water pollution which is a big problem in the aquatic life. For the whole process maintaining of C: N ration is important which is done by enriching carbohydrate sources such as the molasses. Within the four main forms of fish farming, the caging system has many negative environmental impacts, but the ocean caging systems that have the worst reputation. 2 Feb. 2015. http://atlanticcanadaexports.ca/product/salmon-farm-raised/. This is mostly due to open net fish farms as they have been causing some damages to habitats and the escapes of non-indigenous species into lakes, rivers, and oceans. Cage farming are used in both oceans and freshwater. Another worry for carnivorous fish species is that their food source is unsustainable, but they are looking for natural feed sources that do not require external supply ( oil seeds, and fishery byproducts) (ACOA 2012). (some east asian countries) have been practising this method for years, and it is proved to be a very eco-friendly and efficient way on fish farms. As seen in the above diagram there are some trade-offs when it comes to fish farming in Canada. Fishing is therefore one of the biggest source of employment in the world. They will affect consumers by attempting to persuade them that aquaculture is evil and harmful to fish, when in fact it is very sustainable and animal welfare is valued highly by producers. There are being regulations put in to prevent feed waste at the bottom of the ocean and prevent exotic fish from escaping into the natural ecosystem. Secondly, along with awareness for living a healthy lifestyle in North America, many consumers are turning from red meats to fish because of its high protein content and healthy omega-3 fats. I've actually already seen fresh packaged fish sold at Sobeys with a label reading "Sustainably local farmed fish." Made by upagriculture. The nitrogenous waste can be turned into protein rich feed for the aquatic animals which amounts 60% of the production cost. There is a big channel of resources and people involved in raising and harvesting fish in order to sustain the food required in the world. Aquaculture industry growth in the Canada, "Aquaculture in Canada 2012: A Report in Aquaculture Sustainability.". The method of seen immense growth within a short span and at present is used extensively to ensure high growth of aquatic life and the fishing industry. How do you think this will impact the support for farming fish, despite the excellent and well-thought out economic aspects you have outlined above? Irrigation fish farms are environmentally sustainable. Cage farming is a large part of fish farming and supplies British Columbia and the Maritimes with majority of their production. Web. Thanks Dustin. Cage farming is also known as off shore cultivation. Yes, fish farming in Canada is sustainable. Tilapia is becoming a very popular fish and its production an important aquaculture industry. Aquaculture is an established and growing industry in Canada, and globally is the fastest growing food production activity (ASRI 2010). These communities are often in isolated areas with few economic opportunities. Other researches were also conducted in order to determine the production cost using biofloc technology and clear water system. It reduced environmental impact as it uses the water waste into useful protein rich feed for the aquatic life thus reducing the generation of waste and its management cost. http://www.namgis.bc.ca/CCP/Pages/default.aspx. You addressed all of my previous sustainability concerns, which now seem to stem from caged practices. These organisms break downs the nitrogen and carbohydrates similar to as a bio reactor and turns them into feed for the aquatic animals. However, most of the time, it is quite demanding and challenging too. Indoor farming can be very environmentally friendly and sustainable. Absolutely I do. Fish farms are very economical as they provide thousands of jobs in rural, coastal and aboriginal communities. These indoor facilities are usually trying to mimic the natural environment as close as possible, but they are still not in the wild and this concerns groups like PETA and other animal welfare awareness sects. Souza, Michael. Atlantic Canada’s objective of sustainable aquaculture is practiced through improved innovation, technology, and responsible environmental management practices, which comply with strict Canadian and U.S. regulations (Atlantic Canada Exports 2015). A main concern with this type of farming is that the farmed fish can come in contact with wild fish. Lastly, this method also accelerates the growth of bacteria, fungus and single cell organisms which initiated the bio-chemical cycle. Web. The picture below shows the First Nations group Kuterra selling their first farmed fish. Labeling for fish is just trying to start out with which type it is first whether it is wild or farmed. Cod are also raised in large tanks until a certain age and then can be moved to cages in the ocean. If you want to know about Biofloc fish farming, then read this post completely. Column 11 shows employment values for Canada. Fish Farms have had a positive impact on the Canadian economy through increased employment, increased fish sales, and low cost of production. Very good wiki and learned lots from it. Canadian Aquaculture Industry Alliance. Fish farms provide many positive benefits for our country and the world that a lot of people do not know about. The most popular method of fish farming are the indoor tanks that are used all across Canada. Out of the number, 88% of the production was consumed directly by the humans. Aquaculture industry growth in the Canada. Web. I'm wondering if there are any future plans to phase out cage farming? Web. I'm glad you liked our page and that it helped you to have a better understanding of aquaculture. I particularly enjoyed the highlighting of: - how efficiently fish convert feed into weight gain, - closed system technologies which make use of waste products, - how the fish industry reduces poverty in global development. Table 1 shows the employment of fish farms throughout the provinces of Canada. "Report to Launch the Aquaculture Sustainability Reporting Initiative. Fish farming has a long tradition, beginning with fish hatcheries in 1800s with intentions to restock lakes and ponds with fish varieties such as catfish and salmon (FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture). If any farmer wants to earn good profits without loss, Biofloc fish farming, then they are advised to take training from anywhere but keep in mind that till the first batch is out, take training about Biofloc. Powered by UPAG. Farmer Brothers, if you want to follow all the fish, then Biofloc is a very good method, but before cultivating it, it is very important to know about it because without any knowledge Biofloc fish farming can harm you. I also really appreciated the diagram showing the tradeoffs, it helped connect all the pieces and it was a nice overview. One question for you, if cage farming is such a negative practice and has all these "con" relations. Web. This wiki was very well organized. Based on the stats provided fish farming is a sustainable economy. Web. I was just wondering if the Saskatchewan government offers any programs for young aquaculture farmers looking to get into the industry. Because I am not familiar with fish farming, which out of the four practices seems to be most sustainable? We did not mention mussels as a main species farmed in our Wiki above, but mussel farms that are in freshwater help the surrounding ecosystem when produced in their indigenous area. 2 Feb. 2015. It also reduces the risk of rising pathogens and their spread. The water from the fish tanks is recycled and used as fertilizer for agriculture. It has also reduced the time required in raising the fish which means that within a fixed time fishes can be raised many a times. A business in the aquaculture sector must operate in a manner that is respectful of local communities and the environment. The farmed salmon industry supplies more than 10,000 jobs in Canada. The different bays hold different years of the fish to prevent spread of disease and easily manage nutrition.